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Journal Articles International Journal of Evolutionary Biology Year : 2011

Neanderthals versus Modern Humans: Evidence for Resource Competition from Isotopic Modelling

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Abstract

During later MOIS3, in Europe two populations were present, autochthonous Neanderthals and modern humans. Ecological competition between these two populations has often been evoked but never demonstrated. Our aim is to establish whether resource competition occurred. In this paper, in order to examine the possibility of ecological competition between these two populations, 599 isotopic data were subjected to rigorous statistical treatment and analysis through mixing models. The aim of this paper was to compare dietary strategies of Neanderthals and modern humans over time. Our conclusions suggest that Neanderthals and modern humans shared dietary habits in the particular environmental context of MOIS3 characterised in Europe by climatic deterioration. In this environmental context, the resource competition between Neanderthals and modern humans may have accelerated the disappearance of the Neanderthal population.
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halshs-00636034 , version 1 (03-12-2019)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Virginie Fabre, Silvana Condemi, Anna Degioanni, Estelle Herrscher. Neanderthals versus Modern Humans: Evidence for Resource Competition from Isotopic Modelling. International Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 2011, 2011, pp.689315. ⟨10.4061/2011/689315⟩. ⟨halshs-00636034⟩
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