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Journal Articles Social Policy and Administration Year : 2010

Reforming Long-term Care Policy in France


We argue that the long-term care (LTC) policy reform in France results from a long-lasting evolution process that began in the 1980s and has led to the so-called 'French compromise'. This combines elements of different types of a fragmented care system including health insurance schemes, domiciliary and residential social care providers, tax deductions and an important private insurance sector, not to mention the crucial contribution of informal caregivers in families. This article concentrates on policies in both the public and the private sectors, as well as their overall cost. We focus on the core of the LTC policy, namely the creation and then the reforms of the cash-for-care allowance (Allocation personnalisée à l'autonomie). The evolution of the policy process concluded, after the 2007 Presidential election, with the announcement of a new direction, which has not been implemented yet, but which has raised professional and social concerns. Evidence from France suggests that LTC reform can only take place from a new compromise between three poles of protection: the family, the market and the state.

Dates and versions

halshs-00770787 , version 1 (07-01-2013)



Blanche Le Bihan, Claude Martin. Reforming Long-term Care Policy in France. Social Policy and Administration, 2010, 44 (4), pp.392-410. ⟨10.1111/j.1467-9515.2010.00720.x⟩. ⟨halshs-00770787⟩
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