The Tumor Antigen Cyclin B1 Hosts Multiple CD4 T Cell Epitopes Differently Recognized by Pre-Existing Naive and Memory Cells in Both Healthy and Cancer Donors - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Immunology Year : 2015

The Tumor Antigen Cyclin B1 Hosts Multiple CD4 T Cell Epitopes Differently Recognized by Pre-Existing Naive and Memory Cells in Both Healthy and Cancer Donors

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Abstract

Cyclin B1 (CCNB1) is considered as a potential target for a cancer vaccine, as it is overexpressed in many malignant cells, while being transiently expressed in normal cells. To evaluate the CD4 T cell response to CCNB1, we derived T cell lines by multiple weekly rounds of stimulation with recombinant CCNB1 of T cells collected in healthy donors (long-term T cell assays). T cell lines were specific for 15 immunodominant peptides and derived preferentially from naive T cells. From 74 overlapping peptides, 20 peptides were selected for their broad specificity of binding to HLA class II molecules and included most of the immunodominant epitopes. They primed in vitro a large number of specific CD4 T cell lines in all the donors. Immunodominant epitopes were the most efficacious in long-term T cell assays, both in terms of number of specific T cell lines and number of responding donors. The 20 peptides were also submitted to short-term T cell assays using cells collected in healthy and cancer patients with the aim to evaluate the memory response. The recognized peptides differed from the immunodominant peptides and were part of the best promiscuous peptides. We also observed pre-existing CCNB1-specifc IgG Abs in both healthy and cancer donors. Long-and short-term T cell assays revealed that CCNB1 contained many CD4 T cell epitopes, which are differentially recognized by pre-existing naive and memory CD4 T cells. These observations are of value for the design of cancer vaccines.

Dates and versions

halshs-01457345 , version 1 (06-02-2017)

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Claire Chevaleyre, Nadine Benhamouda, Emmanuel Favry, Elizabeth Fabre, Anais Mhoumadi, et al.. The Tumor Antigen Cyclin B1 Hosts Multiple CD4 T Cell Epitopes Differently Recognized by Pre-Existing Naive and Memory Cells in Both Healthy and Cancer Donors. Journal of Immunology, 2015, 195 (4), pp.1891-1901. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.1402548⟩. ⟨halshs-01457345⟩
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