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Nuclear Politics in France


This chapter covers French nuclear policy since 1945. It emphasizes that, although public opinion had been consistently more anti-nuclear than pro-nuclear, there has been a pro-nuclear consensus among the French governing parties and therefore a low salience of the nuclear energy issue in political competition. The chapter shows that the Greens, founded in 1984, became the first relevant party opposing nuclear energy and paying more attention to nuclear energy in their manifestos than any other party. The chapter argues that, since they became a relevant player, the issue has become important in defining the difference between the parties of the left and right. New policy proposals and eventually also real policy changes were introduced. France still is the country relying most on nuclear energy, but the growth of the French nuclear programme has been stopped. The chapter concludes that the future development of nuclear energy in France is uncertain.
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halshs-01596144 , version 1 (27-09-2017)



Sylvain Brouard, Isabelle Guinaudeau. Nuclear Politics in France: High-Profile Policy and Low-Salience Politics. Wolfgang C. Müller; Paul W. Thurner (eds.). The Politics of Nuclear Energy in Western Europe, Oxford University Press, pp.125-156, 2017, 9780198747031. ⟨10.1093/oso/9780198747031.003.0006⟩. ⟨halshs-01596144⟩
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