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Journal Articles European Journal of Political Research Year : 2020

Is the EU held accountable for economic performances? Assessing vote and popularity functions before and after membership

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Abstract

The EU has become increasingly responsible for the state of national economies over the last decades. Meanwhile, many observers have claimed that this increased responsibility has not translated into more accountability. In this article, we revisit this literature and analyse vote-popularity functions before and after accession because it provides a situation when the EU is an incumbent and when it is not. Using Eurobarometer surveys from 2001 to 2011, which were carried out in the countries that joined the EU in 2004 and 2007, we first show that individuals do not hold the EU accountable for macroeconomic performances before accession, but that they do after accession. Using European Election Studies surveys, we also indicate that the incumbent European Peoples’ Party is held accountable for the state of the economy in countries that are ruled by the EU, but not in countries that have just become EU members.
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Dates and versions

halshs-02500552 , version 1 (06-03-2020)

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Raul Magni Berton, Abel François, Cal Le Gall. Is the EU held accountable for economic performances? Assessing vote and popularity functions before and after membership. European Journal of Political Research, 2020, 60 (1), pp.69-91. ⟨10.1111/1475-6765.12387⟩. ⟨halshs-02500552⟩
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