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Journal Articles Journal of Vegetation Science Year : 2022

The European Forest Plant Species List (EuForPlant): Concept and applications

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Thilo Heinken
Martin Diekmann
Jaan Liira
Anna Orczewska
Marcus Schmidt
  • Function : Author
Jörg Brunet
Milan Chytrý
Pieter de Frenne
Pavel Dřevojan
  • Function : Author
Zbigniew Dzwonko
  • Function : Author
Jörg Ewald
Jon Feilberg
  • Function : Author
Bente Jessen Graae
  • Function : Author
John‐arvid Grytnes
  • Function : Author
Martin Hermy
  • Function : Author
Wolf‐ulrich Kriebitzsch
  • Function : Author
Māris Laiviņš
  • Function : Author
Sigrid Lindmo
  • Function : Author
Vitas Marozas
  • Function : Author
Thomas Niemeyer
  • Function : Author
Jaanus Paal
  • Function : Author
Petr Pyšek
Elle Roosaluste
  • Function : Author
Jiří Sádlo
  • Function : Author
Joop Schaminée
  • Function : Author
Torbjörn Tyler
  • Function : Author
Kris Verheyen
Monika Wulf
Thomas Vanneste

Abstract

Question : When evaluating forests in terms of their biodiversity, distinctiveness and naturalness, the affinity of the constituent species to forests is a crucial parameter. Here we ask to what extent are vascular plant species associated with forests, and does species’ affinity to forests vary between European regions? Location : Temperate and boreal forest biome of Northwestern and Central Europe. Methods : We compiled EuForPlant, a new extensive list of forest vascular plant species in 24 regions spread across 13 European countries using vegetation databases and expert knowledge. Species were region-specifically classified into four categories reflecting the degree of their affinity to forest habitats: 1.1, species of forest interiors; 1.2, species of forest edges and forest openings; 2.1, species that can be found in forest as well as open vegetation; and 2.2, species that can be found partly in forest, but mainly in open vegetation. An additional “O” category was distinguished, covering species typical for non-forest vegetation. Results : EuForPlant comprises 1,726 species, including 1,437 herb-layer species, 159 shrubs, 107 trees, 19 lianas and 4 epiphytic parasites. Across regions, generalist forest species (with 450 and 777 species classified as 2.1 and 2.2, respectively) significantly outnumbered specialist forest species (with 250 and 137 species classified as 1.1 and 1.2, respectively). Even though the degree of shifting between the categories of forest affinity among regions was relatively low (on average, 17.5%), about one-third of the forest species (especially 1.2 and 2.2) swapped categories in at least one of the study regions. Conclusions : The proposed list can be used widely in vegetation science and global change ecology related to forest biodiversity and community dynamics. Shifting of forest affinity among regions emphasizes the importance of a continental-scale forest plant species list with regional specificity.
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Dates and versions

halshs-03677752 , version 1 (30-05-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - CC BY 4.0

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Thilo Heinken, Martin Diekmann, Jaan Liira, Anna Orczewska, Marcus Schmidt, et al.. The European Forest Plant Species List (EuForPlant): Concept and applications. Journal of Vegetation Science, 2022, 33 (3), pp.e13132. ⟨10.1111/jvs.13132⟩. ⟨halshs-03677752⟩
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