The “Schengen Turn” as the Reshaping of the French-Italian Border: The Critical Convergence of the Geography of Border Controls and Capitalist Dynamics (1990s-2000s) - HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article dans une revue Journal of Borderlands Studies Année : 2024

The “Schengen Turn” as the Reshaping of the French-Italian Border: The Critical Convergence of the Geography of Border Controls and Capitalist Dynamics (1990s-2000s)

Le "Tournant de Schengen" comme reconfiguration de la frontière franco-italienne : convergences entre la géographie des contrôle migratoire et les dynamiques capitalistes (années 1990-2000)

Résumé

On the 1st of January 1993, border controls at the French-Italian border were officially “abolished” in the framework of the Schengen area. However, the border didn’t disappear; rather, its geography adjusted to the evolution of the capitalist logics of the European market, creating a hierarchized borderzone where "boundaries and scales intersect to fuel further expansion of (…) the frontiers of capital” (Mezzadra and Neilson 2013, p. 321). The article draws on the fields of critical border studies and radical geography to show the critical convergence of capitalist dynamics and border police practices in the French-Italian border zone. This has been reflected in the local production of transport infrastructures enabling high-speed cross-border circulation at the expense of local roads and practices. Moreover, the evolution from “fixed” border control to "random and mobile" identity checks led to the creation of a police targeting system that selects passengers on the basis of a social-racial profiling. After the Schengen agreements, the French-Italian border became a mobile device allowing the accumulation of capital through the selection of "legitimate travelers" and the control of "illegal migrants". It enacted locally the "polarization of mobility" (Bauman, 1998) that occured at a global scale at the turn of the 21st century.

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Géographie
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Dates et versions

hal-04593999, version 1 (30-05-2024)

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Sarah Bachellerie. The “Schengen Turn” as the Reshaping of the French-Italian Border: The Critical Convergence of the Geography of Border Controls and Capitalist Dynamics (1990s-2000s). Journal of Borderlands Studies, 2024, pp.1-20. ⟨10.1080/08865655.2024.2338776⟩. ⟨hal-04593999⟩
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