Investigating grandmothers’ cooking: A multidisciplinary approach to foodways on an archaeological dump in Lower Casamance, Senegal - HAL-SHS - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2024

Investigating grandmothers’ cooking: A multidisciplinary approach to foodways on an archaeological dump in Lower Casamance, Senegal

Abstract

Because they hold information about cultural identity, foodways have been the focus of a variety of disciplines in archaeology. However, each approach documents different stages of culinary preparation and is constrained by the preservation specificities of each type of artefact and ecofact. Difficulties in achieving an interdisciplinary approach may explain the scarcity of such studies. In this paper, we propose a methodology that combines archaeozoological, carpological and microbotanical analysis of ecofacts retrieved in the sediment, with use-alteration, organic residue and microbotanical analysis carried out on pottery vessels, recovered during the excavation of a XX th century archaeological dump site in Lower Casamance (Senegal). The results demonstrate the strength of this multiproxy approach in reconstructing past foodways by characterising the importance of aquatic, terrestrial animals and plant products in the Diola Kassa diet. In addition, this study questions the modalities of food transformation by assessing the preparation techniques of animal and vegetal products (cutting marks, heating processes etc.) and the function of pottery vessels (transport, storage, cooking etc.). Aquatic products and rice were a significant part of the diet of the users of the dump (from archaeozoology, carpology, phytoliths and organic residue analysis) and wet cooking (boiling?), salty and acidic foods seem to have been particularly prevalent (from use-alteration). The absence of specific animal and plant parts in the archaeological record, as well as some pottery function, is also questioned. Beyond gathering the results of each approach, this study focuses on the interweaving of different research methods to depict past foodscape.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2024_Debels_etal_Poubelle_Mamans_PlosONE.pdf (4.74 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

halshs-04593622 , version 1 (30-05-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Pauline Debels, Léa Drieu, Patricia Chiquet, Jacqueline Studer, Alex Malergue, et al.. Investigating grandmothers’ cooking: A multidisciplinary approach to foodways on an archaeological dump in Lower Casamance, Senegal. PLoS ONE, 2024, 19 (5), pp.e0295794. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0295794⟩. ⟨halshs-04593622⟩
11 View
10 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More