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Journal Articles Climatic Change Year : 2006

Climate strategy with CO2 capture from the air

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immobilize it in geological structures. Air capture differs from conventional mitigation in three key aspects. First, it removes emissions from any part of the economy with equal ease or difficulty, so its cost provides an absolute cap on the cost of mitigation. Second, it permits reduction in concentrations faster than the natural carbon cycle: the effects of irreversibility are thus partly alleviated. Third, because it is less coupled with existing energy infrastructure, air capture may offer stronger economies of scale and smaller adjustment costs than the more conventional mitigation technologies.

We assess the ultimate physical limits on the amount of energy and land required for air capture and describe two systems that might achieve air capture at prices under 200 $/tC using current technology.

Like geoengineering, air capture limits the cost of a worst-case climate scenario. In an optimal sequential decision framework with uncertainty, existence of air capture decreases the need for near-term precautionary abatement. The long-term abatement effect is the opposite, assuming that marginal cost of mitigation decreases with time, while marginal climate change damage increases. With air capture this implies an environmental Kuznets curve, returning towards preindustrial concentration levels of greenhouse gases.
Ce texte porte sur la question de la réversibilité à long terme des émissions de CO2. Il donne un exemple de technologies de capture directe à partir de l'air, qui permet de borner le coût marginal de réduction du CO2 dans toute l'économie. Il exploré les aspects thermodynamiques de la capture du dioxyde de carbone à partir de l'air. Le modèle DIAM a été étendu pour prendre en compte ces options et examiner les conséquences sur les politiques climatiques optimales.
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Dates and versions

halshs-00003926 , version 1 (04-05-2005)



David Keith, Minh Ha-Duong, Joshua K. Stolaroff. Climate strategy with CO2 capture from the air. Climatic Change, 2006, 74 (1-3), pp.17-45. ⟨10.1007/s10584-005-9026-x⟩. ⟨halshs-00003926⟩
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