Leisure-time physical activity and sedentary behavior clusters and their associations with overweight in middle-aged French adults. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Obesity Year : 2010

Leisure-time physical activity and sedentary behavior clusters and their associations with overweight in middle-aged French adults.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and sedentary behavior patterns, as well as to investigate their relationships with overweight. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Men (n=2206) and women (n=2476) aged >45 years, living in France, enrolled in the SU.VI.MAX (Supplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants) study. MEASUREMENTS: LTPA and sedentary behavior were assessed using the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire whereas weight and height were measured from study participants. Clusters were defined, by gender, with multiple correspondence analysis and cluster analysis successively, taking into account the type (walking, gardening, etc.) and duration of each physical activity performed, as well as the time spent watching television (TV) as typical sedentary behavior. Logistic regression models were used to assess associations with overweight. RESULTS: Four physical activity and sedentary behavior clusters were identified among men and three among women. We chose as referent cluster the cluster associating 'walking and gardening-low TV' in men and the cluster associating 'walking and gardening-high TV' in women. Compared with the referent cluster and after adjustment for age, education level, smoking status and place of residence, the likelihood of overweight (defined as body mass index >or=25 kg m(-2)) in women was lower for a 'multiple activity-low TV' cluster (odds ratio (OR)=0.66, 95% confidence interval=0.54-0.81) and for a cluster associating 'endurance physical activity-low TV' (OR=0.42 (0.29-0.60)). Compared with the referent cluster and after adjustment, the likelihood of overweight in men was decreased for the 'endurance physical activity' cluster (OR=0.66, (0.52-0.84)), whereas no significant association was found with the other clusters. CONCLUSIONS: Patterns combining specific types of physical activity and sedentary behavior were identified and differed in their relations to overweight in adults. The identification of global patterns of activity allows us to go beyond a simple decreased activity-increased body weight approach and adds to our understanding of the associations of specific forms and grouping of activity with overweight in adults.
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halshs-00546401 , version 1 (14-12-2010)

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Hélène Charreire, Romain Casey, Paul Salze, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, C. Simon, et al.. Leisure-time physical activity and sedentary behavior clusters and their associations with overweight in middle-aged French adults.. International Journal of Obesity, 2010, 34 (8), pp.1293-301. ⟨10.1038/ijo.2010.39⟩. ⟨halshs-00546401⟩
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