Education, Convergence and Carbon Dioxide Growth per Capita - HAL-SHS - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société Access content directly
Journal Articles African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development Year : 2011

Education, Convergence and Carbon Dioxide Growth per Capita

Abstract

This paper examines the existence of convergence and the importance of education on carbon dioxide growth per capita, over the period 1970-2004 for 85 countries. We use panel data and apply GMM-System estimation. This rigorous approach takes into account the observed and unobserved heterogeneity of countries, and solves the endogeneity problems associated with some variables. Our results suggest a divergence in per capita carbon dioxide emissions around the world, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide emissions growth. Contrary to commonly held beliefs based on intuition, we provide evidence that, in developing countries, there is no convergence, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide growth. In developed countries, we find a convergence for per capita carbon dioxide emissions. Education was found to be a factor in pollution growth, although its effect is mitigated by the presence of political institutions.
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Dates and versions

halshs-00684315 , version 1 (01-04-2012)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : halshs-00684315 , version 1

Cite

Somlanaré Romuald Kinda. Education, Convergence and Carbon Dioxide Growth per Capita. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 2011, Volume 3 (Number 1), pp.65-85. ⟨halshs-00684315⟩
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