Impact of Rising World Rice Prices on Poverty and Inequality in Burkina Faso - HAL-SHS - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2012

Impact of Rising World Rice Prices on Poverty and Inequality in Burkina Faso

Abstract

Between January 2006 and April 2008, the prices of most of the agricultural products considerably rose in international markets. Empirical studies show that this spike in world food prices has increased the number of poor households in developing countries, but the magnitude is not the same in all countries. This paper assesses the impact of rising rice price on poverty and income inequality in Burkina Faso. We use a methodology based on the concept of compensating variation combined with the net benefit ratio (NBR) developed by Deaton (1989) and living standard survey (QUIBB, 2003). The results show that higher rice prices have a negative impact on income and poverty in the regions with a large proportion of households who are net buyers of rice. The poverty rate increases by 2.2 to 2.9 percentage points depending on the assumptions. The increase in poverty increase is higher in urban areas than in rural areas. Rising rice prices also increase income inequality. Income inequality particularly increases in urban areas and in relatively rich regions, but it decreases in poor regions with an important proportion of rice producers.
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Dates and versions

halshs-00713258 , version 1 (29-06-2012)

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00713258 , version 1

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Félix Badolo, Fousseini Traore. Impact of Rising World Rice Prices on Poverty and Inequality in Burkina Faso. 2012. ⟨halshs-00713258⟩
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