The pluralism of norms regarding the family sphere: constraint or opportunity for the state of Senegal?  - HAL-SHS - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société Access content directly
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The pluralism of norms regarding the family sphere: constraint or opportunity for the state of Senegal? 

Marieme N'Diaye


Many normative orders are in competition to define what the legitimate model should be regarding family. Therefore, the building of Family Law has become a real challenge for the young independent African States that have to root their legitimacy. Senegal made an original choice in 1972: the Lawmaker refused to copy the French Civil Law and introduced an option system regarding marriage and inheritance that allows people to chose between Modern law and Islamic law. Through this policy, the State of Senegal wanted to conciliate modernity and tradition and, at the end, to root the modern law within the society, thanks to an educational work. But this work hasn't been done, which explains why the State didn't manage to confirm his central position and why Islamic law has won on the field. In face of this threat, a policy of implementation has finally been created (2004). - How can we define this pluralism? What is the position of the State in this system? Regarding the position of the State, how can we analyze the "norme pratique" that arises from the field? In a first approach, pluralism seems to reveal the incapacity of the State to impose his law. But in fact, the State is playing on the pluralism of norms to strengthen itself: through concessions done on the rules contents, the State appears as a central actor of the negotiations and is able to spill over its norm to the whole society.
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halshs-00907080 , version 1 (20-11-2013)


  • HAL Id : halshs-00907080 , version 1


Marieme N'Diaye. The pluralism of norms regarding the family sphere: constraint or opportunity for the state of Senegal? . African dynamics in a multipolar World AEGIS-ECAS 2013, 5th European Conference on African Studies, Jun 2013, Lisbonne, Portugal. ⟨halshs-00907080⟩
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