Investigating social conflicts linked to water resources trhough agent-based modelling - HAL-SHS - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société Access content directly
Journal Articles NATO Science for Peace and security series Year : 2010

Investigating social conflicts linked to water resources trhough agent-based modelling

Abstract

Over the next decades, natural resources and water resources in particular are likely to be one of the major origins of social conflicts. To date however, no model enables the study of coupled dynamics of hydrology, water use and social conflicts. Building such a model requires identifying the key concepts, entities and processes that are present in much field cases and have to be included into the model. The research presented in this paper takes place in a more general project named MAELIA for Multi-agent for Environmental Norms Impact Assessment. The purpose of MAELIA is to provide a decision-support model helping decision makers and stakeholders to manage water resources. This model aims to be generic enough for it to be applied in various field cases at different scales. We describe the actors involved in water management or water use using an agent-based approach. Water monitoring institutions and water users are described as agents in interaction within a stylised representation of a watershed basin. We propose a conceptual model that describes not only the hydrology in the basin and the water consumption behaviour of users, but also the representation of both the users at the institutional level and the power relationships that determine the arbitration of norms about water use. We propose two possible uses of this model. The first is the analysis of the impacts of several norms for detecting potential conflicts. The second possible use explores the local formulation of norms given the balance of powers in already settled social conflicts. This generic platform modelling conflicts on natural resources may thereby provide new insights into the analysis of well-known natural resource related conflicts, such as the Gauvery dispute in India.

Domains

Geography
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Dates and versions

halshs-00918476 , version 1 (16-12-2013)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : halshs-00918476 , version 1

Cite

Mehdi Saqalli, Samuel Thiriot, Frédéric Amblard. Investigating social conflicts linked to water resources trhough agent-based modelling. NATO Science for Peace and security series, 2010, 75, pp.142-157. ⟨halshs-00918476⟩
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