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Book Sections Year : 2020

Geography vs. topology in the evolution of the global container shipping network (1977-2016)

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César Ducruet
Justin Berli
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Abstract

The dynamical properties of so-called spatial and complex networks are often overlooked in graph theory and network science in general. Container shipping provides a rare example of a global transport network that went through tremendous technological and geographic changes in the last decades or so. This chapter proposes for the first time an empirical analysis of no less than 40 years of inter-port vessel movement data (1977-2016) to describe the evolving properties of the global container shipping network. Main results confirm a number of stylized facts such as the growing size, connectivity, and centralization of this network due to several factors such as economies of scale in liner shipping and the rationalization of related maritime services, the emergence of hub ports, etc. We also provide a new cartography of how had the global container shipping network been geographically distributed over time, thereby highlighting major shifts in terms of port hierarchies and main corridors. We believe that this chapter will contribute to a better understanding of the complex linkages between network structure, technological change, and spatial change, opening the way for new research paths on maritime transport research and network science in general when focusing on evolutionary dynamics.
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Dates and versions

halshs-02544851 , version 1 (16-04-2020)

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César Ducruet, Justin Berli, Mattia Bunel. Geography vs. topology in the evolution of the global container shipping network (1977-2016). Geographies of Maritime Transport, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp.49-70, 2020, ⟨10.4337/9781788976640.00008⟩. ⟨halshs-02544851⟩
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