Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age - HAL-SHS - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société Access content directly
Journal Articles First Monday Year : 2020

Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age

Grant Blank
  • Function : Author
Pu Yan
  • Function : Author


Marking the 25 th anniversary of the "digital divide," we continue our metaphor of the digital inequality stack by mapping out the rapidly evolving nature of digital inequality using a broad lens. We tackle complex, and often unseen, inequalities spawned by the platform economy, automation, big data, algorithms, cybercrime, cybersafety, gaming, emotional well-being, assistive technologies, civic engagement, and mobility. These inequalities are woven throughout the digital inequality stack in many ways including differentiated access, use, consumption, literacies, skills, and production. While many users are competent prosumers who nimbly work within different layers of the stack, very few individuals are "full stack engineers" able to create or recreate digital devices, networks, and software platforms as pure producers. This new frontier of digital inequalities further differentiates digitally skilled creators from mere users. Therefore, we document emergent forms of inequality that radically diminish individuals' agency and augment the power of technology creators, big tech, and other already powerful social actors whose dominance is increasing.


Sociology Web
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Dates and versions

halshs-02889891 , version 1 (05-07-2020)



Laura Robinson, Jeremy Schulz, Hopeton S Dunn, Antonio A. Casilli, Paola Tubaro, et al.. Digital inequalities 3.0: Emergent inequalities in the information age. First Monday, 2020, 25 (7), ⟨10.5210/fm.v25i7.10844⟩. ⟨halshs-02889891⟩
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