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Nominalization, verbalization or both? Insights from the directionality of noun-verb conversion in French

Abstract : Abstract Nominalization in French can be done by means of conversion, which is characterized by the identity between the base and the derived lexeme. Since both noun→verb and verb→noun conversions exist, this property raises directionality issues, and sometimes leads to contradictory analyses of the same examples. The paper presents two approaches of conversion: derivational and non-derivational ones. Then it discusses various criteria used in derivational approaches to determine the direction of conversion: diachronic ones, such as dates of first attestation or etymology; and synchronic ones, such as semantic relations, noun gender or verb inflection. All criteria are evaluated on a corpus of 3,241 French noun~verb pairs. It is shown that none of them enables to identify the direction of conversion in French. Finally, the consequences for the theory of morphology are discussed.
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https://shs.hal.science/halshs-03550850
Contributor : Delphine Tribout Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 1, 2022 - 11:55:29 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 22, 2022 - 2:26:15 PM

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Delphine Tribout. Nominalization, verbalization or both? Insights from the directionality of noun-verb conversion in French. Zeitschrift für Wortbildung / Journal of Word Formation, 2020, 4 (2), pp.187-207. ⟨10.3726/zwjw.2020.02.10⟩. ⟨halshs-03550850⟩

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