Bow-and-arrow, technology of the first modern humans in Europe 54,000 years ago at Mandrin, France - HAL-SHS - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société Access content directly
Journal Articles Science Advances Year : 2023

Bow-and-arrow, technology of the first modern humans in Europe 54,000 years ago at Mandrin, France

Abstract

Consensus in archaeology has posited that mechanically propelled weapons, such as bow-and-arrow or spear-thrower-and-dart combinations, appeared abruptly in the Eurasian record with the arrival of anatomically and behaviorally modern humans and the Upper Paleolithic (UP) after 45,000 to 42,000 years (ka) ago, while evidence for weapon use during the preceding Middle Paleolithic (MP) in Eurasia remains sparse. The ballistic features of MP points suggest that they were used on hand-cast spears, whereas UP lithic weapons are focused on microlithic technologies commonly interpreted as mechanically propelled projectiles, a crucial innovation distinguishing UP societies from preceding ones. Here, we present the earliest evidence for mechanically propelled projectile technology in Eurasia from Layer E of Grotte Mandrin 54 ka ago in Mediterranean France, demonstrated via use-wear and impact damage analyses. These technologies, associated with the oldest modern human remains currently known from Europe, represent the technical background of these populations during their first incursion into the continent.
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halshs-04267877 , version 1 (09-11-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Laure Metz, Jason Lewis, Ludovic Slimak. Bow-and-arrow, technology of the first modern humans in Europe 54,000 years ago at Mandrin, France. Science Advances , 2023, 9 (8), ⟨10.1126/sciadv.add4675⟩. ⟨halshs-04267877⟩
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